A while back I took part in a survey of breeders for the American Cardigan Handbook which discussed the different styles of breeding – outcrossing, line-breeding and inbreeding and how different breeders utilized the different types.
Two of the questions I specifically remember were:
1) Which type of breeding has been your most successful – to that I answered inbreeding. (Grandfather to Granddaughter)
2) Which type of breeding has been your least succesful – and to that i answer inbreeding (Grandfather to Granddaughter – in fact a repeat breeding).
While that may sound ridiculous to some, the exact same breeding that produced Dolly, and little Rocky, repeated a year later, produced 5 wonderful pets – a mis-marked female, a a fluffy boy, a boy who just didn’t cut it, and two lovely boys with a pair of testicles between them.
Since the time of that survey I have had even more successful breedings taking the progeny of #1 and outcrossing in different directions.
So today I took this picture of Dolly, Dash and Jack. I posted it with the comment that Dolly doesn’t produce puppies – she produces carbon copies of herself! You have to excuse the muddy window that is a constant at this time of year!
How does she manage to do that – especially when bred to almost totally unrelated dogs? In fact there is a fourth mini-me that wasn’t in this picture – Patrick.
Each type of breeding has its own purpose. My goal has been to take a fairly tightly line bred girl to a male of similar phenotype (what we see), but with more strength in the areas that the dam is lacking and a totally outcrossed pedigree – or as much as possible.
So how has this looked on paper? I have done two grandfather/grandaughter breedings.
The first was between Hunter and Ruby. This produced the Gemstone Litter with a COI of
23.11%. In that litter were Canadian Champions Yasashiikuma Imperial Jade and Yasashiikuma Xtacee Topaz, as well as Yasashiikuma Tiger’s Eye, who was lost due to an unfortunate accident.
When Jade was bred, she was bred to AM GCH Heart of Gold Power Play – a dog who himself had a COI of 13.4066%, and with some common ancestry in the 3rd and 4th generation. This resulted in two litters with a COI of 12.58%
The first breeding produced a singleton puppy Yasashiikuma Lest We Forget (Dragoon). Dragoon is a champion in six countries including Canada, the USA and the UK, as well multiple group placer, #9 in the US for 2014 with limited showing, and winner of multiple specialty awards.
Repeating the breeding produced Yasashiikuma XIV K Scoutshonor (Baden) and Yasashiikuma Savannah Smiles (Savannah), RWD at the Tucson National and both American Champions and Russian Champion Yasashiikuma Do A Good Turn (Bronya)
Dragoon bred to Libby (Cdn Ch C-Myste Baledwr Yasashiikuma Liberty) produced Athena with a COI of 15.8277%, Canadian Champion and a miniature of her dad
Now onto the second close breeding and what has come as a result of it.
This breeding was between Hunter and his granddaughter Am/Cdn Ch Yasashiikuma Scirocco. This is the breeding that produced Dolly (Am GCH, Cdn GCH EX Yasashiikuma Smoky Mountn Maid, CGN, CGC, TDI, HIC, TT) as well as her litter sister “Little Rocky” (Cdn Ch. Yasashiikuma Emerald Mountain) both with a COI of 26.48% which is the highest that I have ever done.
Dolly was then bred 4 times – each time to a totally outscrossed male of similar phenotype with a goal to adding more bone, and rear angulation
The first litter was sired by GCH Twinroc Santa Paws (Dickens) and resulted in a litter with a COI of 8.05%. In this litter were Am/Cdn Ch. Yasashiikuma Dare to Dream Big (Dash), Am/UK/Hung/Lux Ch. Yasashiikuma Telltail Dbledare (Darren), Am GCH Yasashiikuma Dancehall Doctor (Justin) and NL/HU/HR Ch. Yasashiikuma Dragon Defender (Draco). A multiple group placer, Crufts winner, two world dog show BOB winners, and a dual champion.
The next litter (actually “lit”) was a singleton sired by Am GCH/Cdn CH Kingsbury’s I’m Harry P which produced Cdn Ch Yasashiikuma Trade Secret (Cara) who has a COI of only 2.65%. She also has both her US majors showing only at specialties.
Dolly’s third litter was sired by Am Ch. Joseter Grassanmore. These puppies are just over a year old and have a COI of 9.69%. The puppies that are being shown are UKC CH. Yasashiikuma I Am Not A Number (Patrick) who earned two 4-point majors on the Western Reserve Specialty weekend, Yasashiikuma Codename Intrepid (Duffy) who earned his first major at the supported entry in Raleigh last month, Yasashiikuma Diamonds R Furevr (Sean) who has just earned singles, and Yasashiikuma Femme Fatale (Natasha) who has been only shown in Canada.
And finally the last litter born in December which was sired by Am GCH/Cdn Ch. Telltail Like a Rolling Stone (Mick). This litter has a COI of 8.10%, and there are 4 puppies that will be making their debut at the Nationals.
Four diffierent sires for four different litters resulting in puppies with an inbreeding co-efficient from a low of 2.65% up to 9.69%. Yet the desired phenotype was maintained, and the desired improvments were achieved.
The next goal in the process will be to line breed the puppies from these breedings to set the improvements. By going so far out on my outcrosses, I have left myself lots of opportunity to go in different directions. I can breed these puppies together since the inbreeding co-effiecients are so low, I can breed a Dolly puppy to a Dragoon puppy (which is a plan for 2015), I can take a puppy to a progeny of one of the other puppies (planned for 2016).
One of the problems I have seen over and over with breeders, in all breeds, not just Cardigans, is that they breed themselves into a corner – leaving them no where to go when a problem appears, such as a health issue. By taking these bitches to good outcrossed males, I hope that I have avoided that issue in the future….but only time will tell!