White Bread, Brown Bread, Line-bred, In-bred

A while back I took part in a survey of breeders for the American Cardigan Handbook which discussed the different styles of breeding – outcrossing, line-breeding and inbreeding and how different breeders utilized the different types.

Two of the questions I specifically remember were:

1) Which type of breeding has been your most successful – to that I answered inbreeding. (Grandfather to Granddaughter)

2) Which type of breeding has been your least succesful – and to that i answer inbreeding (Grandfather to Granddaughter – in fact a repeat breeding).

While that may sound ridiculous to some, the exact same breeding that produced Dolly, and little Rocky, repeated a year later, produced 5 wonderful pets – a mis-marked female, a a fluffy boy, a boy who just didn’t cut it, and two lovely boys with a pair of testicles between them.

Since the time of that survey I have had even more successful breedings taking the progeny of #1 and outcrossing in different directions.

So today I took this picture of Dolly, Dash and Jack.   I posted it with the comment that Dolly doesn’t produce puppies – she produces carbon copies of herself!  You have to excuse the muddy window that is a constant at this time of year!

Dolly Dash Jack cropped

How does she manage to do that – especially when bred to almost totally unrelated dogs? In fact there is a fourth mini-me that wasn’t in this picture – Patrick.

Each type of breeding has its own purpose.   My goal has been to take a fairly tightly line bred girl to a male of similar phenotype (what we see), but with more strength in the areas that the dam is lacking and a totally outcrossed pedigree – or as much as possible.

So how has this looked on paper?   I have done two grandfather/grandaughter breedings.  

The first was between Hunter and Ruby.  This produced the Gemstone Litter with a COI of
23.11%.  In that litter were Canadian Champions Yasashiikuma Imperial Jade and Yasashiikuma Xtacee Topaz, as well as Yasashiikuma Tiger’s Eye, who was lost due to an unfortunate accident.

3gems

When Jade was bred, she was bred to AM GCH Heart of Gold Power Play – a dog who himself had a COI of 13.4066%, and with some common ancestry in the 3rd and 4th generation.  This resulted in two litters with a COI of 12.58%

The first breeding produced a singleton puppy Yasashiikuma Lest We Forget (Dragoon). Dragoon is a champion in six countries including Canada, the USA and the UK, as well multiple group placer, #9 in the US for 2014 with limited showing, and winner of multiple specialty awards.

Dragoon - Gr 1 - McKinley KC

Dragoon – Gr 1 – McKinley KC

Repeating the breeding produced Yasashiikuma XIV K Scoutshonor (Baden) and Yasashiikuma Savannah Smiles (Savannah), RWD at the Tucson National and both American Champions and Russian Champion Yasashiikuma Do A Good Turn (Bronya)

Baden Win Pictures-page-001  Savannah Win 2014-page-001
 Bronya Russian Champion 20140512

Dragoon bred to Libby (Cdn Ch C-Myste Baledwr Yasashiikuma Liberty) produced Athena with a COI of 15.8277%, Canadian Champion and a miniature of her dad

Athena summer 2014When bred to an outside bitch he produced AM GCH ALD Speed Racer with a COI of 10.61%, also a multiple group placer and #8 in the US for 2014

speed-D1052012

Now onto the second close breeding and what has come as a result of it.  

This breeding was between Hunter and his granddaughter Am/Cdn Ch Yasashiikuma Scirocco.   This is the breeding that produced Dolly (Am GCH, Cdn GCH EX Yasashiikuma Smoky Mountn Maid, CGN, CGC, TDI, HIC, TT) as well as her litter sister “Little Rocky” (Cdn Ch. Yasashiikuma Emerald Mountain) both with a COI of 26.48% which is the highest that I have ever done.

BDIC dolly rockyjrnc

Dolly was then bred 4 times – each time to a totally outscrossed male of similar phenotype with a goal to adding more bone, and rear angulation

The first litter was sired by GCH Twinroc Santa Paws (Dickens) and resulted in a litter with a COI of 8.05%.   In this litter were Am/Cdn Ch. Yasashiikuma Dare to Dream Big (Dash), Am/UK/Hung/Lux Ch. Yasashiikuma Telltail Dbledare (Darren), Am GCH Yasashiikuma Dancehall Doctor (Justin) and NL/HU/HR Ch. Yasashiikuma Dragon Defender (Draco).  A multiple group placer, Crufts winner, two world dog show BOB winners, and a dual champion.

Dash Open Bitch CWCCWR 2013 Justin - Group 2 - June 2012 
DARREN 2013_WCC_BOB Draco_april2012_11 

The next litter (actually “lit”) was a singleton sired by Am GCH/Cdn CH Kingsbury’s I’m Harry P which produced Cdn Ch Yasashiikuma Trade Secret (Cara) who has a COI of only 2.65%.  She also has both her US majors showing only at specialties.

Cara small

Dolly’s third litter was sired by Am Ch. Joseter Grassanmore.  These puppies are just over a year old and have a COI of 9.69%.   The puppies that are being shown are UKC CH. Yasashiikuma I Am Not A Number (Patrick) who earned two 4-point majors on the Western Reserve Specialty weekend, Yasashiikuma Codename Intrepid (Duffy) who earned his first major at the supported entry in Raleigh last month, Yasashiikuma Diamonds R Furevr (Sean) who has just earned singles, and Yasashiikuma Femme Fatale (Natasha) who has been only shown in Canada.

Patrick Lorain KC 20140810121714_0001 Duffy BOB 20150124
Sean July 2014 Madison OH Natasha CWCCA 2014

 And finally the last litter born in December which was sired by Am GCH/Cdn Ch. Telltail Like a Rolling Stone (Mick).   This litter has a COI of 8.10%, and there are 4 puppies that will be making their debut at the Nationals.

Jack off side

Yasashiikuma Jumpin Jack Flash

Angie off side

Yasashiikuma Angie of Heulwen

Jolene judges side

Yasashiikuma Jaunty Jolene

Jacob judges side

Yasashiikuma Hwy Heading South

Four diffierent sires for four different litters resulting in puppies with an inbreeding co-efficient from a low of 2.65% up to 9.69%.   Yet the desired phenotype was maintained, and the desired improvments were achieved.

The next goal in the process will be to line breed the puppies from these breedings to set the improvements.   By going so far out on my outcrosses, I have left myself lots of opportunity to go in different directions.  I can breed these puppies together since the inbreeding co-effiecients are so low, I can breed a Dolly puppy to a Dragoon puppy (which is a plan for 2015), I can take a puppy to a progeny of one of the other puppies (planned for 2016). 

One of the problems I have seen over and over with breeders, in all breeds, not just Cardigans,  is that they breed themselves into a corner – leaving them no where to go when  a problem appears, such as a health issue.   By taking these bitches to good outcrossed males, I hope that I have avoided that issue in the future….but only time will tell!

 

 

Pruning the tree helps it develop stronger

Last weekend I wrote about my history from the beginning and how I went from my first champion to Dragoon and Savannah.   The tree, however, did not grow in  totally straight. There were many twists, turns  and some branches needed to be pruned off in order to develop a healthy line of dogs

So going back to the third generation, I had a nice girl named Abbey (Yasashiikuma Cinnamon Heart) that was the source of another branch of the family tree.

Abbey was bred twice to Hunter.   

judodkcThe first litter, born on the first night of Hannukah, was my Hannukah litter.   In this litter were two puppies I allowed friends to co-own, paying nothing for them.   Judith, pictured above, and Mike.  Unfortunately the co-owners of Judith divorced, and the husband decided he wanted her (out of spite) and I lost her in a court battle, getting paid less than I had expended on show entries and handling.  Apparently later he met a new girlfriend who didn’t like the dog and left her with his ex-wife, of course now spayed.   Mike’s co-owner took him to Ireland, and then dumped him.  Thankfully I did hear where he ended up and I was informed when he passed on a short while ago

The repeat of the litter, a year later was the Spice Litter.

megan

Megan was a pretty girl with a lot of very nice attributes.   The youngest in a houseful of adult dogs she believed she was the princess until the arrival of her half-sister Gale a few months later.   Megan had a very short and satisfying road to her championship.  When I had asked others if there would be competition at the Orangeville show, I was told, “Oh no, the judges suck.  But we will be entering the Credit Valley show the next weekend”.  So I decided to enter Megan just for the ring practice, after all entries were only $9 a day back then!  To my surprise there were 8 other class dogs and bitches entered, and by going Best of Winners all three days she was at 9 points.  Only one point from her championship!  The next weekend, all that was entered was one special.  I thought it impossible, but we beat the special for the last point and Megan finished her championship!

Megan had a litter in 2003 sired by Am/Cdn Ch Phi-Vestavia Uriel of Careleon.   Sabra was from my “Liqueur Litter” and finished quite quickly.  She was a substantial bitch, with a pretty head, but needed a better front, and to be lower stationed.   

Sabra died suddenly while I was at a conference.   Not knowing what had killed her I had an autopsy done at Guelph, and learned more than I wanted to know about Chylothorax.  Sabra had one litter sired by Harry Potter and the girl I kept from that was Jaime, Yasashiikuma Cerydwen Sorceres.  (Yes, one S due to space limitations).

Jaime was a very pretty girl, and I had great hopes for her.   She had passed all her health clearancs with flying colours, I had plans to bred her, and then disaster struck.   In July 2009, Jaime also developed Chylothorax.  This time I knew the warning signs, and with great expense and a lot of praying, she came through it.  You can read about that time by clicking here.  Mother and daughter both having this was too much to ignore, so Jaime was spayed and that branch of the family tree was truncated  Happily, Jaime is in an absolutely wonderful pet home where they absolutely adore her and is doing well.

Megan’s second litter, born in 2004 was sired by Am/Cdn. Ch. McLea’s Admiral.   This was my Ice litter and the girl I kept was Cinder (CH. Yasashiikuma Fire and Ice)

Cinder was a very pretty girl with lovely movement, and finished quite quickly by 9 months old.   She had one litter for me – the Fire Crew born in 2008 and sired by Merrymoon Noblestar Jacob.   From this breeding there were two very nice puppies who did very well.

Ch. Yasashiikuma Burning Issue (Chief) is owned by Norman Dale of BC and was shown to his championship by Norm’s daughter.   On the road to his championship she earned a Group 3 with him, and was Best of Winners at the Canadian National in 2010. Not too shabby for her first show dog!

And the girl that I kept was Ember, (Ch. Yasashiikuma Slow Burn) who finished in a single weekend at the London shows, even defeating Dolly for the breed one day!   There was so much that I loved about this girl and would have loved to have carried on with her.  Unfortunately her hips were not good enough for me to carry on with, so another branch of the tree was truncated, and Ember lives with her half brother in Chicago.

Megan did have one more litter, unplanned by me, sired by her 9 month old nephew Spud.   That was my “loose ladies” litter, and they were all placed in pet homes.

So, unfortuantely, although there were some very nice puppies produced by this branch of the family tree, unfortunately none of these lines have been perpetuated, and Chief is my only option to carry on with.

For the next installment, I will go into the detail on the other two branches of the tree – the legacies of Gale and Libby.

 

 

A Historical look at how far I’ve come

I belong to a number of social networking groups where discussion takes place about breeding dogs, breeding better dogs, canine structure, rearing, etc.

One of the lament’s that is heard over and over again is that it is impossible to buy a good quality show dog.   After my latest fiasco (see the blog post Uterus for Rent) I have become one of those breeders who is not going to sell my show dogs outright any more.   On the breeder’s side of the coin, there is the feeling that purchasers want the instant gratification of purchasing a specialty winning top ranking dog, and are not willing to work their way through the ranks and put in the decades of hard work to develop a line that is recognizable as their own.  I can’t think of a single instance where a Cardigan person I have regarded as a mentor, has achieved their successes with a dog they have purchased.  They have all started with a “decent” dog, and through judicious breeding, achieved their success on their own.   It may take a decade or two to get there, but how do you know where you are going if you don’t know where you have been?

IMG_1230[1]

Downstairs in my rec room, I have what I call my “wall of fame” or pictorial pedigree.   On it is every generation, finishing their championship, and when I feel frustrated by the slow progress, I can look back at it -and see just how far I have come, or maybe where I didn’t fix something I should have.  

But with this blog post I will detail how I went, in six generations,

From this: To this:
penny

Penny – New Champion – November 1991

Dragoon - Gr 1 - McKinley KC

Dragoon – Gr 1 – McKinle

:

In the beginning

In 1985 I purchased my first “show dog” – an Akita named Ben.  That is where the kennel name comes from (it means Gentle Bear in Japanese).   I never bred a  litter of Akitas, and Ben only had one oops litter, which did not survive.   When he attacked my daughter severely in a totally unprovoked attack, I wanted a breed known for gentleness, and that is where then Alanna my first wolfhound came into the house.   Two months later Penny joined the household. 

As a show dog, I now realize that Penny left a lot to be desired, but she had a wonderful personality, was extremely intelligent and did quite a bit of movie and advertising work.  For those interested her part in a Shining Time Station special is the subject of a blog post “Star Quality“.    She loved flyball and was just a gutsy little great dog.    Twenty five years later, if a dog of Penny’s conformation showed up in one of my litters, I would place it as a pet, but if I had I would not be where I am now.

F1 – The first generation

 

penny AM CDN CH TESSARACTS PETE OF SANTANA - PETER - Copy
 Cdn. Ch. Finnshavn Disglaircopy Ceinoig  Am/Cdn Ch. Tesseract’s Pete of Santana
 Rudy1  candy

This generation produced two Canadian Champions – Ch. Yasashiikuma Rudolph Valentino (Rudolph) and Ch Yasasshiikuma Heart of Gold (Candy).   Both had improved toplines and rear assemblies over their mother.  Both still had the short upper arm and lack of prosternum.  The both still had far too much daylight under them.

 

F2 – The second generation

 

candy Tesseract Pete of Santana son –
Cdn. Ch. Yasashiikuma Heart of Gold Ch. Markwell’s Matthew Cuthbert

abbeyCdn. CH. Yasashiikuma Cinnamon Heart (Abbey)

 brandyCdn. CH. Yasashiikuma Heartbreak Kid (Brandy)

This half-brother/half-sister breeding did a lot to set better toplines, body proportions, and begin me on the road to developing the the “type” that I had pictured in my mind.  On Abbey the upper arm was still short but she was definitely lower stationed than the previous generation.  She was bred twice to Hunter and there were several nice puppies that I went forward with that are not part of this branch of the family tree, so I have excluded them.  For the purpose of this pedigree, Brandy is the dog I went forward with.

 

F3 – The Third generation

 

brandy2 gale
Cdn. Ch. Yasashiikuma Heartbreak Kid Phi-Vestavia Storm of Yasashiikuma

 rubysfirst2pointselgincountyshowjan03

Cdn. Ch. Yasashiikuma Weetartan Sedalia (Ruby)

About the time the Heart litter was born, I also brought into the house Gale, a daughter of Hunter and Gloria (Phi-Vestavia Good Gracious).   Gale hated showing and had the nickname of “Pukey Puppy” because she threw up every time she went in the car (which she thankfully FINALLY outgrew), but she became a very important part of my breeding program is behind every dog in the house today.   Gale was bred to Brandy, and produced a “tribute litter’ to my late partner Bill.   Ruby was the bitch I kept from that  litter.   As you can see this is much more the style of dog I have today, although she could have used more bone.

F4 – The Fourth Generation

 

hunter_ruby

This generation was again a line breeding when I took Ruby back to her grandfather  Hunter.   The purpose of this breeding was again to “cement” the improvements I had made.

3gems

This breeding produced three lovely littermates – Jade, Tiger and Topaz, all shown here at the Woodstock, Ontario shows.  Jade finished her championship first, and moved up to specials, which allowed this photo of Best of  Breed, Winners Dog and Best of Winners to be taken.  As you can see the breeding produced consistent toplines, rears, improved fronts. There is no question that these three were litter mates.

F6 – The Vision realized

 

am-ch-heart-of-gold-power-play jadefinish
AM GCH HEART OF GOLD POWER PLAY CDN CH. YASASHIIKUMA IMPERIAL JADE

 

Dragoon - Gr 1 - McKinley KC

Dragoon – Gr 1 – McKinley KC

Am GCH (Bronze), CDN, UK, FR, NED, LUX CH YASASHIIKUMA LEST WE FORGET (DRAGOON)

So the final step was a line breeding for which I selected Powell (Am GCH Heat of Gold Power Play.    The results was my multi-champion Dragoon, currently sitting as #7 in the US with limited showing.   

Baden Win Pictures-page-001

Since Dragoon was a singleton, I repeated the breeding two years later.  The pick male from that litter is Baden, Yasashiikuma XIV K Scout’s Honor owned by Sherri Hurst and Charlotte Lamont.  Baden was Reserve Winners Dog from the 6-9 puppy class at the CWCCA National Specialty in 2013Savannah Win 2014-page-001And the girl I have kept from that litter is Savannah (Am. Ch Yasashiikuma Savannah Smiles) shown here finishing with Barb Peterson who took her home to finish for me with 4 US majors. 

Capture

But the buck has not stopped here.  Dragoon has gone on to produce a lovely son for Al  & Irene Driver – ALD Speed Racer – who is currently sitting one spot ahead of his dad in the ratings.   

So, I think this proves, with hard work, vision and patience, it can be done.  You don’t need to start with excellence, you can create it yourself.